Do you know that Microsoft offers two types of encryption on Windows? It offers both Device Encryption and BitLocker to safeguard access to your data. In this guide, we explain to you what they are and the difference between Device Encryption and BitLocker.
What is Device Encryption on Windows?
Device Encryption on Windows is a security feature that encrypts your drive and protects the data. Only the authorized individuals can have access to your device and data, once it is enabled.
When you lose your laptop, no one can access the data on your system and secondary drives, except for you with the password. All the data gets scrambled. Device Encryption is by-default available on every Windows device.
What is BitLocker?
BitLocker is a full device encryption tool with management controls that is available in Windows 11/10 Pro, Enterprise, or Education edition. If you are a Windows 11/10 Home edition user, you won’t find it on your PC.
It is built into Windows OS to give complete protection to your data in drives with encryption. You can enable it on selected drives or all drives on your PC.
Difference between Device Encryption and BitLocker
These are the major differences between device encryption and BitLocker on Windows.
Device encryption is available on every Windows device. You can find it in the Settings app under Privacy & Security menu.
Coming to BitLocker, it is not available on Windows 11/10 Home edition. You need to upgrade your PC to Pro, Enterprise, or Education edition to be able to get the BitLocker and use it to protect your data.
Your PC needs to meet the below hardware requirements if you want to use Device Encryption on your PC,
- The device contains a TPM (Trusted Platform Module), either TPM 1.2 or TPM 2.0.
- UEFI Secure Boot is enabled.
- Platform Secure Boot is enabled
- Direct memory access (DMA) protection is enabled
Your PC needs to have Windows 11/10 Pro, Education, or Enterprise edition to see the BitLocker feature. In addition to that, your PC needs to meet the following hardware requirements.
- Your PC must have Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 1.2 or later with Trusted Computing Group (TCG) compliant BIOS or UEFI firmware.
- The hard disk must be partitioned into two drives at least, the Operating system drive or boot drive and the system drive.
Device Encryption encrypts your system and secondary drives completely. You don’t get to exclude a drive or partition. But with BitLocker, you can encrypt a single drive or all the drives and you get a set of management tools to protect your data.
Which is better Device Encryption or BitLocker?
Both Device Encryption and BitLocker are good at their levels of encryption. Comparatively, BitLocker comes with extreme encryption protocols and management tools to safeguard your data.