Desktop Window Manager or dwm.exe is a Windows Service which is responsible for managing, inter alia, visual effects on the desktop. No doubt the service does require some resources to run however, modern desktops and laptops are provisioned to handle it easily. Let us learn some more about this Windows process.
Desktop Window Manager – dwm.exe
DWM.exe helps with rendering visual effects on the desktop as well as with various features such as glass window frames, 3-D window transition animations, high-resolution support and so on.
Desktop Window Manager helps writes each picture on the Windows to a place in the memory and creates a combined view of all of them on the screen and sends it to the display. This way, the operating system can use Hardware Acceleration to create smooth animations. It could also be used for creating transparent effects.
Desktop Window Manager consumes high CPU or memory
The file which represents the Desktop Window Manager service is dwn.exe. It usually occupies 50-100 MB of memory and around 2-3%CPU – but it all depends on your system. Is a large number of windows and animated processes are open, it will use more memory, and thus consequently slow down the system or cause freezes.
If you face problems with dwm.exe, here are a few things you could try.
1] If Desktop Window Manager is consuming high resources you need to change your theme or wallpaper and see if that helps. If you have activated a Screensaver, disable it and see. In fact change all your Personalization settings like Lock Screen, Color Profiles, etc, and see if it makes the problem go away.
2] You need to optimize Windows for better performance. Run the Performance Troubleshooter. Open an elevated Command Prompt, type the following and hit Enter:
msdt.exe /id PerformanceDiagnostic
This troubleshooter helps the user adjust settings to improve operating system speed and performance. If this does not help, you may need to troubleshoot Windows performance issues.
3] You may also search for and open Performance Options window, and click on the Visual Effects tab. Select the radio button to Adjust the system for best performance.
4] Switching to the Basic Theme will greatly reduce the load on the system and the battery. However, it wouldn’t stop the Desktop Window Manager from running.
5] Some have reported that updating display drivers helped them. So check if you are using the latest device drivers for your computer.
6] Some installed software are also known to make dwm.exe use high memory. So make sure that your Windows operating system, as well as all your installed software, is updated to the latest versions.
7] The legit dwm.exe process is located in the System32 folder. But if it is located in some other folder, it could well be malware. So do run a full scan with your antivirus software.
8] Perform a Clean Boot and then try to manually find the offending process which is causing dwm.exe to perform inefficiently.
9] System administrators can make use of Xperf which is a performance tracing tool based on Event Tracing for Windows, and which is a part of Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit.
How to disable Desktop Window Manager
Turning off Desktop Window Manager completely wouldn’t make much of a difference, yet if you wish to disable it the mode, the procedure is as follows:
If you are using Windows 7 or Windows Vista, type services.msc in Start Search and press Enter to open the Services Manager. Locate the Desktop Window Manager Session Manager service and change its Startup type to Disabled.
Posts about processes using high resources:
Want to know about these processes, files or file types?
Windows.edb files | Thumbs.db files | NFO and DIZ files | Index.dat file | Swapfile.sys, Hiberfil.sys & Pagefile.sys | Nvxdsync.exe | Svchost.exe | RuntimeBroker.exe | TrustedInstaller.exe | DLL or OCX files. | StorDiag.exe | MOM.exe.