The Disk structure is corrupted and unreadable on Windows

While working on your Windows computer, if you see Location is not available, The Disk structure is corrupted and unreadable error on Windows message, here are a few things you need to do right away if you wish to avoid data loss.

The Disk structure is corrupted and unreadable

The Disk structure is corrupted and unreadable

When you see this error, it may mean that the storage media – maybe your USB, Memory Card or External Drive is facing some problem. See if any of our suggestions help you:

1] Sometimes a simple thing like unplugging your device, restarting your PC and replugging your device can resolve this issue.

2] Run ChkDsk on that drive and see. You may run ChkDsk by using the following command line parameters  in a CMD window:

chkdsk /f /r K:


  • /f Fixes errors detected
  • /r Identifies Bad Sectors and attempts recovery of information
  • Replace K here, with your drive letter.

If you are unable to boot into Windows 10, you have to boot into Advanced Startup Options, select Command Prompt and then run ChkDsk.

3] You could reinstall that particular device and see if that works for you. To do this, open Devices Manager from the WinX Menu, right-click on the Disk Drive that is giving problems and select Uninstall. Next, restart your computer and plug in the USB Drive. The Device should install automatically.

device manager The Disk structure is corrupted

If it does not, open Devices Manager again and click on the Scan for Hardware changes button. Or you could click Action > Scan for Hardware changes.

4] See if you can back up the data (or at least the major important part) to another drive. If you feel the need, you could use a free Data Recovery software. If you can do that, reformat the Drive and see if that helps.

All the best!

See this post if you receive a File record segment is unreadable error and this one if you receive You need to format the disk in drive before you can use it error.

Posted by on , in Category Windows with Tags
Anand Khanse is the Admin of, a 10-year Microsoft MVP Awardee in Windows (2006-16) & a Windows Insider MVP. Please read the entire post & the comments first, create a System Restore Point before making any changes to your system & be careful about any 3rd-party offers while installing freeware.