Windows has a set of certain folders which are identified by unique strings referred to as CLSID or Windows Class Identifiers. These folders can be accessed by using the CLSID identifier codes that Windows assigns to each individual folder in the Windows Registry. If you know the codes, you can launch these with ease.
Apart from the exisiting shell commands, shortcuts and CLSID’s, which are present in Windows 7, Windows 8 offers some new shortcuts, shell commands and CLID’s. Using these you can create desktop shortcuts, if you wish.
Some new Shortcuts, Shell Commands and CLSID in Windows 8
Metro file search from the desktop: Allows you to search for files from the desktop. The Search panel appears on the right side of your screen
Network Panel: It opens the Networks panel on the right side of the screen
rundll32.exe %SystemRoot%\system32\van.dll, RunVAN
Programs Folder and Fast Items: Lists all the attached programs and folders that appear in the Start Screen and/or all Metro apps
Refresh or Reset PC
Windows 7 File Recovery: Back up or restore your files
Memory Storage Space
User Account Pictures
List of Installed Applications
Auto Start Up
Some ready-to-use Windows 8 desktop shortcuts
I have created some ready-to-use desktop shortcuts based on some of these these. You can download them by clicking here. You will have to select and set an icon for them however, depending on your choice.
I came across this list here. The site is in German, but you could use the Bing Translator to read the post.