What is USB Selective Suspend feature? How to enable or disable it?

Windows 10 has been getting a lot of useful features. These features released are both consumer based and developer based. Along with this, they have not missed improvising the old features. One of these features is USB Selective Suspend feature.

What is USB Selective Suspend feature

In Windows OS, the Selective Suspend feature allows the system to save power by putting certain USB ports into a suspended mode. It lets the hub driver suspend a single port but does not affect the functioning of other ports. For instance, it’s similar to how users put their laptops or other devices in Sleep Mode – Selective Suspend is almost like that. The feature which makes it so interesting is that it can suspend a specific USB port individually, without affecting the power of the entire USB port. However, the driver for the USB device must support Selective Suspend for it to run right.

The USB Core Stack supports a modified revision of the Universal Serial Bus Specification and is called ‘selective suspend’. This allows the Hub Driver to suspend a port and help conserve battery. Suspending services like Fingerprint Reader, etc., which are not required all the time, helps improve power consumption. The behavior of this feature is different for devices operating in Windows XP and kept improving in Windows Vista and later versions.

Users don’t really need this on a system that is already charging and can avail the plug-in power whenever it needs to. Which is why Windows lets users enable the USB Selective Suspend based on the computer’s plug-in or battery. But the Selective Suspend feature isn’t exactly a requirement on a desktop machine that is plugged into power. When a USB port is powered down, it doesn’t necessarily save that much of power on a desktop. That’s why Windows allows you to enable or disable USB Selective Suspend based on the computer being plugged in or on battery power. This feature is incredibly helpful in portable computers for power saving purposes.

How to enable or disable USB Selective Suspend

Some users have reported that at times the USB port does not get turned back on after Selective Suspend has been applied. Or sometimes even turns itself off without warning. To fix this, you need to disable the USB Selective Suspend feature on your system. Here’s how you can do it:

Open Control Panel on your Windows 10 PC. To do this, search for Control Panel in the search box.

Now, navigate to this path: Control Panel > Hardware and Sound > Power Options.

Click on your selected Power Plan, then click on Change Plan Settings.

This will take you to a new page where you will need to click on Change advanced power settings.

Now a new and more detailed box of Advanced power options will appear. There will be a menu that says USB Settings.

Expand that option, and you will find two sub-options there that will be labeled as On Battery and On Power.

USB Selective Suspend feature

You can choose to enable both of them individually as per your choice.

Click on OK for the changed to take place.

In our next post, we will see what you can do if the USB Selective Suspend feature is disabled.

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Anand Khanse is the Admin of TheWindowsClub.com, a 10-year Microsoft MVP Awardee in Windows (2006-16) & a Windows Insider MVP. Please read the entire post & the comments first, create a System Restore Point before making any changes to your system & be careful about any 3rd-party offers while installing freeware.