I thought I was being paranoid when I expressed my fears when writing an article on the Internet of Things, saying that they can gain self-consciousness and the Skynet of the movie Terminator could well become a reality. A few months later, I realized that I was not alone as there are some prominent people in the field of science and technology, including Bill Gates, Stephan Hawking, Steve Wozniak, who too are afraid of the impact of artificial intelligence. The debate on artificial intelligence has two sides. The one afraid of machines taking over humans are termed pessimists, while the other group thinks they can play Gods.
Debate on artificial intelligence
In an AMA (Ask Me Anything) session on Reddit, Bill Gates confirmed his fears. He said he is worried about the potential threats that artificial intelligence poses to humankind. He also said he agrees with people like Elon Musk, CEO of SpaceX, and doesn’t know why others are not concerned about machines gaining self-consciousness.
Bill Gates is not the only one concerned about the negative effect of artificial intelligence. A few months ago, in an interview, Stephan Hawking said that artificial intelligence can spell doom for mankind. Stephan Hawking is a prominent scientist and researcher. He is paralyzed and uses a machine based on artificial intelligence to talk. The machine learns his thought process and predicts the words he may want to use next. The voice is robotic and though there are similar machines that provide more natural voices, Stephan prefers the computer voice. He says children who need to use such machines often want to imitate him when speaking.
Read: Facts and Myths about Artificial Intelligence: Weak AI, Strong AI & Super AI.
Stephan Hawking was being interviewed by a BBC reporter who posed a question about his communication machine that uses a basic form of artificial intelligence. To this, he replied that “the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the doom end of the human race”. He further added that humans, who cannot evolve at a faster speed, cannot compete and would be superseded.
Likewise, Steve Wozniak, the Apple co-founder is too worried about the future of artificial intelligence. In his own words:
“Will we be the gods? Will we be the family pets? Or will we be ants that get stepped on? I don’t know about that …”
But there are others in the industry who are more optimistic and contribute to the debate on artificial intelligence optimistically. The developer of Cleverbot, Rollo Carpenter, says that he believes that humans will remain in charge of the technology for a long time and the potential of it can be used to solve many of the real-world programs. Cleverbot is a software that can chat with you and you will never find out that you are chatting with a software.
He too is a bit skeptical but is betting that the effects of developing artificial intelligence matching or surpassing human intelligence would be in favor of the human race. He says:
“We cannot quite know what will happen if a machine exceeds our own intelligence, so we can’t know if we’ll be infinitely helped by it, or ignored by it and sidelined, or conceivably destroyed by it…”
Now check this piece of dialog. Ivan Crewkov asks a machine what if Catherine wrote about it. The machine replies that it would be great. And adds, “Do you think she will be really interested in writing about me?”
Read: Glossary of Terms in Artificial Intelligence.
The dialog is not from any movie. It is a personal assistant robot named Cubic and it is already under production. I guess people would love to have a personal assistant that can talk like humans – showing human emotions, etc. Cubic is a crowdsourced project and they raised more than $100,000 in crowd-funding. People who contributed to the project will be getting the Cubic somewhere around November this year. While it feels good to have a companion with whom you can talk as much as you want, there are some fears attached as well.
But what happens if machines like Cubic with higher levels of artificial intelligence gain self-consciousness? Will they be willing to serve humans as masters? Or will they want humans to serve them as slaves?
Read: What is Machine Learning and Deep Learning?
While the debate on artificial intelligence will continue for long, we’d love to hear your own on this subject.