Disk Error Checking in Windows 10 / 8

Users of Windows 8 may have noticed that Disk Error Checking is a bit different from the earlier versions of Windows. Checking your hard disk, every once in a while for errors – usually caused due to improper or sudden shutdowns, corrupted software, metadata corruption, etc, – in Windows 7 and earlier is always a good practice as this can help solve some computer problems and improve the performance of your Windows computer.

Disk Error Checking in Windows 8 / 10

In Windows 8, Microsoft has redesigned chkdsk utility – the tool for detecting and fixing disk corruption. In Windows 8, Microsoft introduced a file system called ReFS, which does not require an offline chkdsk to repair corruptions – as it follows a different model for resiliency and hence does not need to run the traditional chkdsk utility.

The disk is periodically checked for file system errors, bad sectors, lost clusters, etc, during Automatic Maintenance and you now no longer need to really go and run it. In fact, Windows 8 now even exposes the state of the file-system and disk via the Action Center or under the Drive properties in File Explorer. If potential errors are found, you will be informed about it. You can continue to use the computer, while the scan is carried out in the background. If errors are found, you may be prompted via a notification to restart your computer.

Read: How to cancel ChkDsk in Windows 8.

If you wish to nevertheless manually run a scan, you can do so. Earlier you had to schedule Disk Error Checking for the system drive and for drives which had files or processes or folders opened. In Windows 8, error checking  starts right away, even on the system drive – and it longer needs to be scheduled at start-up. Only if some errors are found, will you have to restart to let Windows 8 fix the errors.

To begin the scan, right-click on the Drive which you wish to check and select Properties. Next, click on Tools tab and under Error checking, click on the Check button.  This option will check the drive for file system errors.

If the system detects that there are errors, you will be asked to check the disk. If no errors are found, you will see a message – You don’t need to scan this drive. You can, nevertheless, choose to check the drive. Click on Scan drive to do so.

The scanning starts. I found that the process ran quite fast and the scanning was over in less than 5 minutes.

On completion, Windows 8 will display a message. If no errors are found it will say so.

If errors are found, you will see the following message:

Restart your computer to repair file system. You can restart right away or schedule the error fixing on next restart.

When I clicked on Show Details, the Event Viewer sprang to life, showing me the relevant log.

In Windows 8, Microsoft has made the Disk Error detection and correction of file system errors less intrusive, so that users can carry on working at their computers without worrying about such error.

To run Check Disk on your System Drive (C), using the command line, type the following and hit Enter:

chkdsk /f C:

If required, restart your computer.

These links may also interest you:

  1. Command Line ChkDsk Options, Switches, Parameters in Windows
  2. ChkDsk or Check Disk runs at every startup in Windows
  3. ChkDsk or Check Disk will not run at startup in Windows.
Posted by on , in Category Windows with Tags
Anand Khanse aka HappyAndyK is an end-user Windows enthusiast, a Microsoft MVP in Windows, since 2006, and the Admin of TheWindowsClub.com. Please read the entire post & the comments first, create a System Restore Point before making any changes to your system & be careful about any 3rd-party offers while installing freeware.
  • Wesley Kitchen

    This new Error Correction tool in Windows 8 sounds great. This kind of utility would have been extremely useful with the Vista and 7 OS’s.

  • Navazkhan

    this tool is their in windows from the version of DOS, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7 and in Windows 8

  • syllable_Haiku

    windows 2000 & windows millennium edition too :)

  • danielkr

    Yes it was, but “In Windows 8, Microsoft has redesigned chkdsk utility”

  • Ebbe Hansen

    Mybad, but the shit doesnt work :-)
    I have here a 3 months old lenovo pc which doesent run (freeze even after restoring factory default). Windows 8 says disk ok, but lenovo has provided a system cmd promt. When running chkdsk /r it finds bad clusters.

  • http://www.thewindowsclub.com Anand Khanse
  • Ebbe Hansen

    /r implies /f

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  • Milli

    It worked perfectly, thanks so much

  • Regenz

    Great article, well done.

  • swatisharma

    i just did the checking of error in my hard disk …but during pluging this did not show progessing after 8 hr ..
    but as i uplug my extrnal harddisk …it shows the progress in 10 or 15 % …
    this is not working ….what can i do now…it may be crrupted due to sudden shut down of system ….plz help me

  • Brian Jordan

    what happens when check disc deletes files, I need to get them back where do they go where do I look

  • http://www.thewindowsclub.com Anand Khanse

    Disk Error Checking will not delete files. If the disk was already corrupted, then you may have lost those files. But you may try some of these to recover files: http://www.thewindowsclub.com/7-free-data-recovery-software-to-recover-deleted-files-in-windows-7

  • http://mcbluefire.net McB

    In Windows 10 I’ve found the following to be better:
    chkdsk C: /scan /offlinescanandfix /R
    /R is probably redundant… but it gets me what I want.
    This schedules the scan to be done with file system offline at the next reboot.

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