Most of you are aware of Phishing, where a fraudulent process is initiated with the intent of acquiring sensitive information like passwords and credit card details, by presenting oneself as a legitimate entity. But what if you are on a legitimate page and the page you have been looking, for changes to a fraudulent page, once you visit another tab? This is called Tabnabbing or Tabnapping.
How Tabnabbing works
- You navigate to a genuine website.
- You open another tab and browse the other site.
- After a while you come back to the first tab.
- You are greeted with fresh login details, maybe to your Gmail account.
- You login again not suspecting that the page, including the favicon, has actually changed behind your back!
The attack preys on the perceived immutability of tabs. After the user has entered their login information and you’ve sent it back to your server, you redirect them to Gmail. Because they were never logged out in the first place, it will appear as if the login was successful.
You visit a web page, you switch to another tab, and behind your back, your first page will have changed!
Reverse Tabnabbing occurs the attacker uses
window.opener.location.assign() to replace the background tab with a malicious document. Of course, this action also changes the address bar of the background tab, but the attacker hopes that the victim will be less attentive and will blindly enter their password or other sensitive information when returning to the background task, says Google.
A way out would be if all site owners were to use the following tag:
target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"
To prevent this vulnerability from being exploited, WordPress has started adding noopener noreferrer tags automatically now.
Now take a look at Spear Phishing, Whaling, and Vishing and Smishing scams.