**Microsoft Excel** is a computer program that users across the globe use to calculate their spreadsheets or arrange their data. Excel provides over 300 functions that can assist individuals to make quick calculations of their data.

The **Row function** in Microsoft Excel is a Lookup and Reference function, and its purpose is to return the row number of a reference. The formula for the Row function is `Row([reference])`

. The syntax for the Row function is below-

*Reference*: Optional. The cell or range of cells for which you want the cell number.

The **Rows function** is also a Lookup and Reference function, and its purpose is to return the number of rows in a column. The formula for the Rows function returns the number of rows in a reference. The formula for the Row function is `Rows(array)`

. The syntax for the Rows function is below.-

*Array*: An array, an array formula, or a reference to range of cells to which you want the number of rows.

## How to use the ROW function in Microsoft Excel

Launch **Microsoft Excel**.

Type into the cell *A1, =Row().*

Then press *Enter*.

The result will return to 1 because the formula is in the first row of the cell.

Type into any of the cells in your spreadsheet *=Row(G5)*.

Then press Enter, and the result would be 5 because the row of the cell is 5.

There are two other methods to use the Row function.

**Method one** is to click the *fx* button on the top left of the Excel worksheet.

An **Insert Function** dialog box will appear.

Inside the dialog box, in the section **Select a Category**, and select * Lookup and Reference *from the list box.

In the section **Select a Function**, choose the *Row *function from the list.

Then click *OK.*

*A ***Function Arguments*** dialog box will open.*

In the Reference entry box, type cell *G3*.

Then click* OK.*

**Method two** is to click the **Formulas **tab and click the *Lookup and Reference *button in the *Function Library* group.

Then select *Row* from the drop-down menu.

A **Function Arguments** dialog box will open.

Follow the same method in Method 1.

Then click *Ok*.

## How to use the ROWS function in Microsoft Excel

Type into your cell *=ROWS(D1:F4)*.

The result is 4, which is the number of rows in the reference.

If you type *=ROWS({1,2,3})* the result would be 1.

Just like the Row function, there are two other methods to use the Rows function.

**Method 1**: click the *fx* button on the top left of the Excel worksheet.

An **Insert Function** dialog box will appear.

Inside the dialog box, in the section **Select a Category**, select * Lookup and Reference *from the list box.

In the section **Select a Function**, choose the *Rows *function from the list.

Then click *OK.*

A **Function Arguments** dialog box will open.

In the Reference entry box, type cell *F3*.

Then click *OK*.

**Method two** is to click the **Formulas **tab and click the *Lookup and Reference *button in the *Function Library* group.

Then select *Rows* from the drop-down menu.

A **Function Arguments** dialog box will open.

Follow the same method in Method 1.

Then click *OK*.

We hope this tutorial helps you understand how to use the Row and Rows function in Microsoft Excel; if you have questions about the tutorial, let us know in the comments.

### What is the difference between a Row function and a Column function?

The Rows function is a Lookup and Reference function, and its purpose is to return the number of rows in a column. The Column function returns the column number of a reference; it is also an Excel Lookup and Reference function.

### How do I select a row in Excel with formulas?

Select the row number to select the entire row, or click on any cell in the row and then press SHIFT + Space. If you want to select non-adjacent rows or columns, hold the Ctrl and select the row or column numbers.

**READ**: How to use the PROPER function in Excel

### What is row, column and cell in Excel?

In Microsoft Excel, a row runs horizontally on the worksheet and is identified by numbers (1,2,3), while columns run vertically and are represented by letters of the alphabet (A, B, C). Cells in Excel are an intersection of rows and columns on your spreadsheet.

### What is row range?

In Excel, rows run horizontally across the spreadsheet and range from 1 to 1048576. Rows are identified by the numbers on the left side of the row. Row ranges are made up of rows, columns, and cells.

### How do you insert a row?

- Right-click any of the rows (represented by a number).
- On the context menu, click Insert.
- A new row will be inserted.