Internet penetration across the globe has increased by manifold and continues to follow an upward trend. Web browsers too, have become faster and better at providing a good user experience, primarily by caching the DNS records for a short time on top of the OS level cache. The problem faced by such browsers is when bad results are cached, and this prevents your computer from conveying communication to the host correctly. During such times we normally clear the cache and try again.
Google Chrome browser includes a feature that lets you Normal Reload, Hard Reload or Empty Cache and Hard Reload a web page. This is found in its Developer Tools.
Normal Reload, Empty Cache & Hard Reload features in Chrome
Typically, there are three types of caches in Windows, which you can flush easily – Memory Cache, DNS Cache, and Thumbnails Cache. Clearing the Memory Cache helps free up some system memory while clearing the Thumbnail Cache can free up space in your hard disk. Clearing the DNS Cache fixes your internet connection problem.
In browsers, you typically have Cookies, Temporary Internet Files cache, and Adobe Flash cache. In Chrome, the developer tools help you clear or empty the cache and do a hard refresh and reload easily, without breaking your flow or switching tabs.
When the “Developer Tools” console is open in Google Chrome, the Reload button gets a drop-down menu with some options. Assuming you have the Chrome browser window opened, press F12. This opens the Chrome Developer Tools.
Next, right-click on the browser Reload button visible in the upper right-hand corner of your computer screen. Now, you can find 3 Reload Options displayed:
- Normal Reload: Uses Cached Data
- Hard Reload: Forces browser to re-download items and reload. It is possible that used resources may come from a cached version.
- Empty Cache & Hard Reload: Cache for the page is cleared completely, and everything must be re-downloaded as required.
In the case of a Hard Reload, the browser does not use anything in the cache and is forced to re-download everything. It is the same as using Ctrl+F5. But if the web page loads additional resources via maybe a redirect, then it may load from the cache. You can also use Ctrl+R or Ctrl+Shift+R.
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Read next: How to Refresh and Hard Refresh your web page in a browser.