To make sure that Windows 10 remains safe from Malware, Microsoft enabled support for Secure Boot which works on top of UEFI. Secure Boot makes sure that when your PC boots up, it only uses firmware which is trusted by the manufacturer. However, many a time because of some hardware misconfiguration, you will need to disable Secure Boot in Windows 10.
If you are wondering what is UEFI, then it expands to Unified Extensible Firmware Interface and is the next generation of the popular BIOS. It’s secure, can hold more data, much faster than BIOS, and is almost like a tiny operating system that runs on top of the PC’s firmware, and it can do a lot more than a BIOS. Best part, it can be updated by the OEM over Windows Update.
It’s because of UEFI, Windows 10 offers security features like Secure Boot, Windows Defender Device Guard, Windows Defender Credential Guard, and Windows Defender Exploit Guard. Below is a list of features you get:
- Faster boot and resume times.
- It easily supports large hard drives (more than 2 terabytes) and drives with more than four partitions.
- Support for multicast deployment, which allows PC manufacturers to broadcast a PC image that can be received by multiple PCs without overwhelming the network or image server.
- Support for UEFI firmware drivers, applications, and option ROMs.
Disable Secure Boot in Windows 10
Just before you jump to disable Secure Boot, because you can, let’s find out if your PC has Secure Boot.
Open Windows Defender Security Center, and click on Device Security.
In the next screen if you see Secure Boot mentioned, then your PC has it, else it doesn’t. If it’s available, you will know if it actually turned on for your PC. We recommend you to turn it on.
If you want to have Secure Boot on your PC, you will need to buy a new one from the OEM which supports it.
Assuming, you have Secure Boot, and its turned on, let’s figure out how to disable it. Make sure to read out guide completely, especially the warning messages at the end of the post.
- Go to Settings > Windows Update, and check if you have anything to download, and install. OEMs send and update the list of trusted hardware, drivers, and operating systems for your PC.
- Once done, you need to go to the BIOS of your PC.
- Go to Settings > Update & Security > Advanced Startup options.
- Then you click on Restart Now, it will reboot your PC, and offer you all these advanced options.
- Select Troubleshoot > Advanced Options.
- This screen offers further options which include System restore, Startup repair, Go back to the previous version, Command Prompt, System Image Recovery, and UEFI Firmware Settings.
- Select UEFI Firmware Settings, and it will take to the BIOS.
- Every OEM has their own way of implementing the options. Secure Boot is usually available under Security / Boot / Authentication Tab.
- Set it to Disabled.
- Save changes and exit. The PC will reboot.
After this, you can change your graphics card or any other hardware which you believe is giving you trouble. Make sure to follow the same steps again, and this time enables the Secure Boot.
Warning if you are disabling Secure Boot
After disabling Secure Boot and installing other software and hardware, it may be difficult to re-activate Secure Boot without restoring your PC to the factory state. Also be careful when changing BIOS settings. The BIOS menu is designed for advanced users, and it’s possible to change a setting that could prevent your PC from starting correctly. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions exactly.