Microsoft has introduced a new way in Windows 8/10 to start your computer, called as Fast Startup, where, the kernel session is not closed, but it is hibernated. Unlike the full hibernate data, whose file size is very large, this “kernel only” data file is much smaller. Using this file during boot, gives a substantial time-advantage during startup.
The Fast startup settings comes into play only when you are shutting down the computer and not when you are restarting it.
So then does this mean that the system does not get reinitialized completely when you shutdown Windows 10/8 – and then start it? Does it mean that Windows 10/8 will get reinitialized completely only when you restart the Windows 8 computer – since the Fast startup settings do not apply when restarting the PC?
The answer is, in a way – Yes! But Windows 8, will reinitialize itself automatically whenever needed and whenever a system or hardware change is effected – and whenever it is required.
Windows 10/8 full shutdown
But there may be times where you may want to perform a complete shutdown manually. For instance, if you have added or changed some hardware, you may want to force a full shutdown.
The Windows 8 UI offers an option to revert back to the old Windows full shutdown or cold boot behavior, by unchecking the option Turn on fast startup (recommended). Choosing Restart from the UI will do a full shutdown, followed by a cold boot.
Alternatively – Microsoft says that you can use the new /full switch on shutdown.exe. But I see no such switch for CMD on my Windows 8 Pro RTM x64.
What you can do is, open the command prompt (admin), type the following command and hit Enter:
shutdown /s /f /t 0
This will make your Windows 8/10 computer shutdown ‘fully’.
The correct syntax thus for a full shutdown of Windows 8/10 should be: shutdown /s /f /t 0 and for Hybrid shutdown should be: shutdown /s /hybrid /t 0. You can read my forum post here.
Go here to find out how you can Emergency Restart or Shutdown Windows.
The post has been updated based on comments below.