Many components in different apps on your computer need to connect to the Internet permanently or at regular intervals to work correctly. Likewise, when you open a website in a browser, some extensions may automatically connect to the Internet. Also, the browser may connect to other sites to check for updates, etc. Knowing which websites and online services your Windows computer secretly connects to are accessible. You can check them out and terminate unwanted processes so that you can save some resources like battery, memory, and CPU.
Which websites & online services is your computer secretly connecting to?
Depending on the apps on your computer, it can connect to different websites and online services even if the browser is closed. This article tells you how to find out which websites and online services your Windows computer is connecting to.
1] NETSTAT command
You can use the Netstat command to check which websites and online services your computing connect to.
Open the command prompt in administrator mode. That is type COMMAND PROMPT in the Cortana search box. When the list shows COMMAND PROMPT, right-click on it and click on RUN AS ADMINISTRATOR.
In the command prompt, type the following:
And press Enter key.
Your screen now shows all ports open and connecting to the internet. If you wish to save the output to some file for analyzing it later, type the following and press Enter:
NETSTAT -b >activity.txt
This would cause Windows to direct the output to a new text file named activity.txt placed in the current folder (usually, you reach System32 when you run Command Prompt as an Administrator). If you would prefer a printed copy instead, use the following command:
NETSTAT -b> PRN
The command will keep displaying, writing, and printing (as the case may be) until you press Control and C simultaneously to interrupt it. The Netstat -b command shows what all ports are connecting to the Internet. It may be easier for computer geeks to understand.
For ordinary people, it would be easier if the output also showed the process name so that you can go and check in the Task Manager. If the process is unwanted, you can terminate it to save resources. To see the process name in the output, replace -b with -a in the Netstat command. That will be something like this:
To direct the output to any file, append >filename.txt and to direct it to the default printer, append >PRN to the command
Instead of the NETSTAT Command, you can use the Resource Manager to check out which websites and online services your computing connect to.
2] Resource Monitor
Press Windows key + R to bring up the Run window. Type RESMON.EXE in the Run dialog box. This brings up the Resource Monitor in Windows 10. Click on the Network tab to see what components connect to the Internet. It will show you processes with network activity, and instead of just listing the IP address or port number, it will show you the process names showing which websites and online services your computer is connecting to.
If you do not understand the output in the first two cases mentioned above, you can download TCPView from the Microsoft website. It shows you a detailed listing of all TCP and UPD connections. It also shows the state of connections: whether a connection is already established, if a component is waiting for a connection etc., information.
When you download TCPView, it will be a ZIP file. Extract all files and then click on TCPView.exe to bring forth the window of TCPView. This will give you a clearer idea of what all processes on your computer connect to the Internet.
Visit nirsoft.net to learn about the CurrPorts freeware. It is a network monitoring software that tells you what all websites and online services your computer connects to. CurrPort allows you to terminate connections if you find useless connections, thus saving your computer resources.
What device is used to connect a computer to a network?
Apart from Windows and related network services, it would be best to have a network interface (WiFI or Lan) to connect to a router, which will connect the browser to the internet. The same applies to a local network where multiple devices connect using the router. The latter is equally important as it will help you connect to a shared printer, send files across multiple PCs, etc.
What are the two ways a computer can connect to the network?
Unlike the older days when PCs connected via Dial-up or Bluetooth, in the current scenario, PCs connect over a wired network or Wireless. While the formers get you a better speed with almost zero latency, it needs a lot of planning and is preferable to Desktops. Wireless has its drawback, but with decent hardware, you should get a decent speed of not top-notch. The best part of using Wifi is that it is available almost everywhere.