The **SUMIF** function purpose is to sum the values in a range that meets the criteria you specify or add a range based on a single criterion. SUMIF takes three arguments *Range*, *Criteria*, and *Sum-range*. Arguments are values that a function uses to perform operations or calculations in a formula.

The **SUMIFS** function adds all its arguments that meet multiple criteria. The orders of the SUMIFS function is different from the SUMIF function. In SUMIF, the *Sum_ range* is the third argument. In SUMIFS, the *Sum_range* is the first argument.

### Difference between SUMIF and SUMIFS Syntax

**SUMIF Syntax**

**Range**: The range of cells you want the function to calculate. The cells in range must be numbers, names, arrays, and references that contain numbers.**Criteria**: The condition or criteria you must look up for in the range provided in the first argument. The criteria are in the form of a text, number, and expression that identifies, which cells will be added.**Sum_range**: The range to be sum or cells to be added. The Sum_range is optional.

The formula is `SUMIF (range, criteria, [sum_range])`

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**SUMIFS Syntax**

**Sum_range**: the range of cells to add.**Criteria_range 1**: The range of cells that is analyzed using criteria 1.**Criteria 1**: Determines the range of cells to add.**Criteria_range2, criteria2**: The additional ranges and their associated criteria. This argument is optional. The formula is`SUMIFS (sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1 [criteria_range2, criteria2,..]`

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## How to use the Excel SUMIF function

In this table, we want to calculate the number of mangoes sold.

We are going to click the cell where we want to place the result.

Then type in the cell *=SUMIF* (

We are going to look for the **Range**. In this article, the *Range* is where you see the fruits because we want to find the number of mangoes sold.

Take the cursor and click on the cell B3 in the fruit column, then press the *Ctrl*, *Shift*, and the *Down Arrow Key* to highlight the data to B10 in the column or type *B3:B10*. You will see the Range of cells in the formula. Then add a comma.

Then add the **Criteria**, which is *Mango*, because we want to find the sum of mangoes sold, then add a comma.

Add the **Sum_range**, the data located in the column labeled *Number of Sales*, that Displays the items purchased by each customer.

Click the cell of the first data in the *Number of Sale *columns. Press the *Ctrl,* *Shift*, and the *Down Arrow Key* to highlight the column’s data. Then add a bracket or type *C3:C10*.

Press enter. You will see the result.

The other option is to go to the **Formulas** tab in the function and library group; click *Math and Trig*.

In the drop-down menu, select **SUMIF**. A function argument dialog box will appear.

In the **Range** entry box, type the `B3:B10`

.

In the **Criteria** entry box, type Mango because we want to find how many mangoes were Purchased.

In **Sum_range** entry box type `C5:C10`

, this column is where the number of items purchased or located.

Press *OK*. You will see the result.

## How to use the SUMIFS function in Excel

In this tutorial, we want to add the total number of sales of mangoes we made from, say, Kevin Sahadeo.

Click the cell where you want the result to be. Type, `=SUMIFS ()`

in the cell.

In the **SUMIFS** function, we will add the **Sum_range** first, which is the data in the *Number of Sales* columns, which specify how many items were purchased by each customer.

Type the cell *C3:C10* or click on C3 and press the *Ctrl*, *Shift*, and *Down Arrow Key* to highlight down to C10, then add a comma.

Add the **Criteria range 1**. Click the first data in the fruits column and enter the cells *B3:B10* or *Ctrl*, *Shift *and *Down arrow key* to highlight the cells.

Type Mango as **Criteria**.

Now I am going to add the **Second Criteria Range**. Go to the *Customer* column and click on the first data in the table and *Ctrl*, *Shift*, and *Down Arrow Key* to highlight or type *A3:A10*, the comma.

We are going to add the **Second Criteria**, which is *Kevin Sahadeo*. Ensure you type it the exact spelling in the formula and use the full name. Press **Enter** you will see the result.

The other option is to click on the **Formulas** tab in the function library group, select *Math and Trig* in the drop-down menu, select **SUMIFS**. A function argument dialog box will appear.

In the **Sum_range** entry box, type `C3:C10`

because this is the number of sales we want to add up.

In the **Criteria_ range** entry box type `B3:B10`

because this is the range where the fruit, we are looking for is.

In the **Criteria** entry box, type `Mango`

because we want to find how many mangoes Kevin Sahadeo purchased.

In the **Criteria_ Range 2** entry box type `A3:A10`

, because this is the second range you are looking up, where the name Kevin Sahadeo is.

In the **Criteria 2** entry box, type `Kevin Sahadeo`

because we want to find out how many mangoes this person purchases.

Then click OK. You will see the result.

I hope you find the post useful.

**Read next**: How to create a Pivot Table and Pivot Chart in Excel.

- Tags: Excel