All of you have learned the formula to calculate the compound interest in your school. **Compound and simple interests** are among the mathematical applications that have been used in real life for years. At certain instances in our life, we need to calculate the simple and compound interests. For example, when we borrow money either from financial companies or from our friend at a certain rate of interest, we should know the calculations of the compound and simple interests to save ourselves from being cheated.

Apart from calculating the compound interest on paper, if you know how to calculate it in **Excel**, it will be an added advantage to your professionalism. In the above formula, P stands for the principal value, R is the rate of interest, and n is total time.

Here, we will learn to calculate compound interest using Excel. But before we begin, let’s have a look at the terms used in compound interest calculations.

**Compounded annually or yearly**: Here, the rate of interest is applied to the principal value every year.**Compounded half-yearly or semi-annually**: Here, the principal value is increased after every 6 months, which means two times a year. To calculate compound interest half-yearly, we have to multiply n by 2 and divide the rate by 2.**Compounded quarterly**: Every year has four quarters. Here, the principal value gets increased after every 3 months, which means 4 times a year. To calculate compound interest quarterly, we have to multiply n by 4 and divide the rate of interest by 4.**Compounded monthly**: There are 12 months in a year. Therefore, compounded monthly means the interest is applied every month. Hence, we have to multiply the n by 12 and divide the rate of interest by 12.

## How to calculate Compound Interest (CI) in Excel

We will discuss here:

- When the rate of interest is compounded annually.
- When the rate of interest is compounded semi-annually.
- When the rate of interest is compounded quarterly.
- When the rate of interest is compounded monthly.

Let’s see the calculation of compound interest in Excel.

### 1] Calculating Interest Compounded Annually in Excel

Let’s take a sample data with the following values:

- P = 1000
- R = 10%
- n = 5 years

Enter the above data in Excel and write the following formula:

=B1*(1+B2)^B3

B1, B2, and B3 are the cell addresses that indicate principal value, rate of interest, and time respectively. Please enter the cell address correctly, otherwise, you will get an error.

### 2] Calculating Interest Compounded Half-yearly in Excel

Here, we have to add one more value to our data, compounding periods per year. As explained above, two half years make a complete year. Therefore, there are 2 compounding periods in half-yearly.

- Principal = 1000
- Rate of interest = 10%
- Time = 5 years
- Compounding periods per year = 2

Enter the above data in Excel and write the following formula:

=B1*(1+(B2/B4))^(B3*B4)

See, we have divided the rate of interest (value in the B2 cell) by 2 (value in the B4 cell) and multiplied the time (value on the B3 cell) by 2 (value in the B4 cell).

### 3] Calculating Interest Compounded Quarterly in Excel

Here, the formula remains the same, which we have used in the calculation of CI half-yearly. Now, you just have to change the values in the respective cells. For quarterly CI calculation, change the value of the B4 cell to 4.

### 4] Calculating Interest Compounded Monthly in Excel

To calculate the interest compounded monthly, change the value of the B4 cell to 12 and use the same formula.

That’s it. Let us know if you have any questions regarding the calculation of CI in Excel.

**Read next**: How to Calculate Simple Interest in Excel.