What is a Botnet attack and how does it work on a computer

Botnets are networks of compromised computers, controlled by remote attackers in order to perform such illicit tasks as sending spam or attacking other computers. The word Bot comes from the word Robot and is referred to any software program that carries out automated pre-defined tasks. They can perform useful tasks as well as malicious tasks. Webmasters may be familiar with the Google bot or the Bing bot that looks for an crawls fresh content on the Internet.

What is a Botnet

what is a botnet

Bots can also be used act like malware and carry out malicious tasks. Then can be used to assemble a network of computers and then compromise them. These are called Computer Botnets, and can be controlled remotely by the hackers or Bot Herders.

Each computer in the Botnet is called a Node and they could be any computer, anywhere in the world – even yours, if an attacker has managed to surreptitiously install malware on your computer, by exploiting vulnerabilities in your operating system or installed software, or by tricking you into installing it. Such Nodes are then used to spread malware further, send spam mail or even attack other computers. Such Botnets are controlled en masse via protocols such as IRC. Some of you may want to learn more about Botnets.

Microsoft Malware Protection Center defines botnet as a network of computers that can be illicitly and secretly controlled at will by an attacker and commanded to take a variety of actions. Under this definition, a trojan downloader that is only designed to download arbitrary files and cannot otherwise be controlled by the attacker would not be considered a bot.

Botnet attack

Botnets should be of concern to governments and businesses because of their ability to harness large numbers of individual computers to direct an attack against information technology infrastructure.

Microsoft is taking an aggressive approach to fighting botnets by collaborating with governments and others to take them down. Microsoft is also providing businesses, governments, and consumers with security tools and guidance. Working towards this goal, Microsoft has released a document titled Botnets: Guidance for Governments, which can be downloaded at Microsoft.


McAfee has created a nice easy-to-understand Infographic explaining, what are botnets. With the rapid growth in malware and bot infections all around, it becomes important for all to understand what Botnets are and what Zombies are.

Botnets explained

This Infographic nails the botnet lifecycle and economics just right… not too technical, not too simple. Click on it to see the larger image.

Fear that your computer may be a part of a Botnet? Have a look at these Botnet Removal Tools. This Global Botnet Visualizer keeps you up-to-date on Bot activity. You can check out this video from Microsoft. These Botnet Trackers will help you keep a track on Bot activity globally.

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Anand Khanse is the Admin of TheWindowsClub.com, a 10-year Microsoft MVP Awardee in Windows (2006-16) & a Windows Insider MVP. Please read the entire post & the comments first, create a System Restore Point before making any changes to your system & be careful about any 3rd-party offers while installing freeware.