Microsoft’s SetupDiag will help you diagnose Windows 10 Upgrade errors

Windows Updates usually get installed to your PC without hassles. But there are occasions when it requires a bit of work, especially when it comes to compatibility and patches. If you come across such failed update errors, you first have to manually search the error code and then look for troubleshooting steps. All this consumes time. So, Microsoft has come up with a simple solution – SetupDiag.exe.

SetupDiag.exe is a standalone diagnostic tool for finding details about why a Windows 10 upgrade failed to install. If you know, the update process in Windows 10 has been thoroughly streamlined but that doesn’t mean it’s always problem-free and hence, the tool.

How SetupDiag works

SetupDiag.exe requires Microsoft .NET Framework 4 to be installed on your PC. The tool works by examining Windows Setup log files and parse them to find the root cause of a failure to update or upgrade the computer to Windows 10. SetupDiag can be run on the computer that failed to update, or you can export logs from the computer to another location and run SetupDiag in offline mode.

Once you have the tool up and running, it can be used for performing checks and analysis also. Whenever Windows comes across a situation that likely intends to compromise safe system operation, the system halts. This condition is called a bug check. It is also commonly referred to as a-

  1. System crash
  2. Kernel error
  3. Stop error or BSOD

The typical cause for this issue is either a hardware device, hardware driver, or some related software.

If the bug check occurs during an upgrade, Windows Setup extracts a minidump (setupmem.dmp) file.

To debug a setup related bug check, one must:

Specify the /Mode: Offline and /LogsPath parameters and try gathering the setup memory dump file (setupmem.dmp) from the failing system.

Please note: You cannot debug memory dumps in online mode.

You will find Setupmem.dmp under either




depending on when the bug check occurs.

Thereafter, you can install the Windows Debugging Tools on the computer that runs SetupDiag. If you chose to run the tool without parameters, it attempts to locate log files that Windows 10 creates during the upgrade process in the default folders on the device.

The program also creates a results.log file in its directory after the completion of the scanning process. Any upgrade issues encountered are rapidly detected in the log files during parsing.

Apart from the above, SetupDiag creates a zip archive of all log files that it processed and also saves file in the same directory as well.

Lastly, there’s an option to even run SetupDiag.exe in offline mode to parse folders copied from another device.

For full details on how to use SetupDiag.exe you can read this Microsoft Doc.

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The author Hemant Saxena is a post-graduate in bio-technology and has an immense interest in following Windows, Office and other technology developments. Quiet by nature, he is an avid Lacrosse player. Creating a System Restore Point first before installing a new software, and being careful about any third-party offers while installing freeware is recommended.