How to run a Troubleshooter from the command line in Windows 10

You can run a built-in Troubleshooter in Windows 10/8/7 from the command line. Microsoft Support Diagnostic Tool or MSDT.exe can be used to invoke and launch any Windows Troubleshooting Pack or Troubleshooter from the command line.

Run built-in Windows Troubleshooter from the command line

To run any Troubleshooter open an elevated command prompt and run these commands:

To invoke built-in Troubleshooters, use this command:

msdt.exe /id <diagnostic_id>

To run a custom-built troubleshooter stored locally use this command line:

msdt.exe /path <path_to_troubleshooter>

To run a troubleshooter which is in a .diagcab file format, use this:

msdt.exe /cab <path_to_diagcab>

For instance if you want to bring up the built-in Power Troubleshooter to troubleshoot problems relating to power or battery, run this command:

msdt.exe /id PowerDiagnostic

Once you hit Enter, you will see the Power Troubleshooter pop-up. Similarly if you know the Diagnostic Pack ID of any Troubleshooter, you will be able to invoke it using the command line.

Run Troubleshooter from the command line

Here is a list of some Troubleshooting Pack ID’s sourced from TechNet, for your ready reference

Troubleshooting Pack ID Description Application or Feature Dependency
AeroDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems displaying Aero effects like transparency. Aero Display Theme installed
NetworkDiagnosticsDA Troubleshoots problems connecting to a workplace network over the Internet using Direct Access. Direct Access installed
DeviceDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems using hardware and access devices connected to the computer.
HomeGroupDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems viewing computers or shared files in a homegroup. HomeGroup installed
NetworkDiagnosticsInbound Troubleshoots problems with allowing other computers to communicate with the target computer through Windows Firewall.
NetworkDiagnosticsWeb Troubleshoots problems connecting to the Internet or to a specific Web site.
IEDiagnostic Helps the user prevent add-on problems and optimize temporary files and connections. Internet Explorer installed
IESecurityDiagnostic Helps the user prevent malware, pop-ups, and online attacks. Internet Explorer installed
NetworkDiagnosticsNetworkAdapter Troubleshoots problems with Ethernet, wireless, or other network adapters.
PerformanceDiagnostic Helps the user adjust settings to improve operating system speed and performance.
AudioPlaybackDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems playing sounds and other audio files. Audio output device installed
PowerDiagnostic Helps the user adjust power settings to improve battery life and reduce power consumption.
PrinterDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems printing.
PCWDiagnostic Helps the user configure older programs so that they can run in the current version of Windows.
AudioRecordingDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems recording audio from a microphone or other input source. Audio input device installed
SearchDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems with search and indexing using Windows Search. Search enabled
NetworkDiagnosticsFileShare Troubleshoots problems accessing shared files and folders on other computers over the network.
MaintenanceDiagnostic Helps the user clean up unused files and shortcuts and perform other maintenance tasks.
WindowsMediaPlayerDVDDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems playing a DVD using Windows Media Player. Windows Media Player installed
WindowsMediaPlayerLibraryDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems with adding media files to the Windows Media Player library. Windows Media Player installed
WindowsMediaPlayerConfigurationDiagnostic Helps the user reset Windows Media Player settings to the default configuration. Windows Media Player installed
WindowsUpdateDiagnostic Troubleshoots problems that prevent Windows Update from performing update tasks.

Although most of us access these Troubleshooters via the Control Panel or the Taskbar search, there is an easy way! Use our FixWin 10 to open them with a click!

Cheers!

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Anand Khanse is the Admin of TheWindowsClub.com, a 10-year Microsoft MVP Awardee in Windows (2006-16) & a Windows Insider MVP. Please read the entire post & the comments first, create a System Restore Point before making any changes to your system & be careful about any 3rd-party offers while installing freeware.